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Health and Vaccination Requirements

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South Africa Country Information

Geography :: SOUTH AFRICA

Location:
Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa


Geographic coordinates:
29 00 S, 24 00 E


Map references:
Africa
Area:
total: 1,219,090 sq km
land: 1,214,470 sq km
water: 4,620 sq km
note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
country comparison to the world: 25


Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas


Land boundaries:
total: 5,244 km
border countries (6): Botswana 1,969 km, Lesotho 1,106 km, Mozambique 496 km, Namibia 1,005 km, Swaziland 438 km, Zimbabwe 230 km


Coastline:
2,798 km


Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to edge of the continental margin


Climate:
mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights


Terrain:
vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain


Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m


Natural resources:
gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas


Land use:
agricultural land: 79.4%
arable land 9.9%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 69.2%
forest: 7.6%
other: 13% (2011 est.)

Geography - note:
South Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland

Most travelers

Get travel vaccines and medicines because there is a risk of these diseases in

the country you are visiting.

[get_vaccinated]   [eat_drink]

Hepatitis A

CDC recommends this vaccine because you can get hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in South Africa, regardless of where you are eating or staying.

[get_vaccinated]   [eat_drink]

Typhoid

You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in South Africa. CDC recommends this vaccine for most travelers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.

Some travelers

Ask your doctor what vaccines and medicines you need based on where you are going, how long you are staying, what you will be doing, and if you are traveling from a country other than the US.

[get_vaccinated]   [avoid_body_fluids]   [avoid-non-sterile-equipment]

Hepatitis B


You can get hepatitis B through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products, so CDC recommends this vaccine if you might have sex with a new partner, get a tattoo or piercing, or have any medical procedures.

[antimalarial_meds]   [avoid_insects]

Malaria


When traveling in South Africa, you should avoid mosquito bites to prevent malaria. You may need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to prevent malaria, depending on your travel plans, such as where you are going, when you are traveling, and if you are spending a lot of time outdoors or sleeping outside. Talk to your doctor about how you can prevent malaria while traveling. For more information on malaria in South Africa, see malaria in South Africa.

[get_vaccinated]   [animals]   [hygiene]

Rabies


Rabies can be found in dogs, bats, and other mammals in South Africa, so CDC recommends this vaccine for the following groups:

Travelers involved in outdoor and other activities (such as camping, hiking, biking, adventure travel, and caving) that put them at risk for animal bites.
People who will be working with or around animals (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, and researchers).
People who are taking long trips or moving to South Africa
Children, because they tend to play with animals, might not report bites, and are more likely to have animal bites on their head and neck.

Yellow Fever

There is no risk of yellow fever in South Africa. The government of South Africa requires proof of yellow fever vaccination only if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever. This does not include the US. If you are traveling from a country other than the US, check this list to see if you may be required to get the yellow fever vaccine: Countries with risk of yellow fever virus (YFV) transmission.

For more information on recommendations and requirements, see yellow fever recommendations and requirements for South Africa. Your doctor can help you decide if this vaccine is right for you based on your travel plans.

All travelers

You should be up to date on routine vaccinations while traveling to any destination. Some vaccines may also be required for travel.

[get_vaccinated]   [hygiene]

Routine vaccines

Make sure you are up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip. These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot.


SOUTH AFRICA - WEATHER AVERAGES

ANNUAL                                           JAN   FEB   MAR   APR   MAY   JUN   JUL   AUG   SEP   OCT   NOV   DEC   
Average Temperature (F)              62.5   71.3   70.6    68.3   63.1      57.5   52.4  52.3    55.6  60.6     64      67.1 
Average High Temperature (F)    73.6   81.5   80.6    78.4    74        69.6  65.3  65.3    68.3   72.3   74.9     77.4 
Average Low Temperature (F)     51.2    61      60.5    58.1    52.4      46     40.9 40.3    43.2   48.4   52.6     56.2 
Average Precipitation (in)             6.4   3.6      3.2          3        2          1.3       1.1      1         1.2       1.4      2.4       3.1 


​Customize Your Tour


At Lark Tours we specialize in private travel in Africa. We offer vacation itineraries designed to perfectly fit the interests, preferences, and schedule of you and your group. The many vacations, safaris, and short trips featured on our website are meant to spark ideas and showcase some of our capabilities. These trips can be booked as is, modified, or we can build you a completely customized vacation from scratch. We do all this at absolutely no extra cost.

You can begin the process by calling or emailing us today. We will discuss your plans, offer suggestions, and begin creating your dream vacation. Whether you are traveling as a couple, a family, a group of friends, an organization, or some combination thereof, we are sure that you will be delighted at what we can offer you.


To speak with one of our Travel Specialists give us a call at 1-877-252-2154 or send us an email at info@larktours.com